The reason the barber pole is the way it is goes back to at least the Bronze age.
Early Barber-surgeons would commonly use a staff, a basin, and white bandages during their procedures. Patients would grab onto the staff, causing their veins to stand out. The basin and bandages were used to catch and clean up the excess blood.
When not in use, the staff would be placed outside with the bandages wrapped around it so the blood could dry out. The basin was placed upside down on top of the staff. Eventually, the bloody bandages would leave red stains on the staff. On windy days, the staff would rotate around, showing a distinct red and white swirling pattern. This is the origin of the modern day barbers pole.
Eventually, a red, white, and blue painted pole would come to replace the staff. The red representing the blood, the white the bandages, and the blue the protruding veins. Over time, barbers began to focus solely on haircuts and shaves. However, to maintain the symbol that people had grown accustomed to, the red, white, and blue barber-surgeon pole remained and is still used to this day to globally identify barber shops.
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- In Egypt and other ancient cultures, barbers were often priests whose main job was to keep evil spirits from possessing people. They did this by shaving off the hair which was thought to be where demons like to enter the body.
- The oldest surviving barber shop in the world is Truefitt and Hill in London. It was established in 1805.
- The word barber comes from the Latin word “barba”, which means beard.