The official name of the Netherlands is the Kingdom of the Netherlands. It is often referred to as Holland due to its two largest provinces being named North Holland and South Holland. Even the countries official website is Holland.com. Referring to the Netherlands as Holland is similar to referring to France as Paris.
In the late 18th century, the French conquered the area we now know as the Netherlands and called it Batavia. There was an area inside Batavia called Holland that was the center of the region’s economy and wealth, and people began referring to the entire country as Holland, not just the Holland area.
Now let’s discuss why people that live in the Netherlands are referred to as being Dutch. In Old English, the word “dutch” loosely translates to “people or country.” This is the same reason why Germany is called Deutschland in German.
Hundreds of years ago, English-speaking people used the word “Dutch” to describe people from the modern day Germany and Netherlands areas. The phrase “High Dutch” was used to refer to people living in the mountainous German areas and “Low Dutch” to refer to people living in the Netherlands flatland areas. More specifically, “Netherlands” was used to describe people from the low-lying (nether) region (land).
- The Dutch eat more licorice than any other country in the world.
- Amsterdam is entirely built on wooden poles nearly 30 feet deep.
- 75% of the world’s flower bulbs originate in the Netherlands.
- The microscope was invented in the Netherlands.